Monday, May 25, 2020

The Information Security Risk On The Life And Solutions

Introduction In this generation of advance Information Technology, people exchange the information using numerous devices to accomplish their task in routine life. Information which used to be recorded on paper is now taking form of electronic record. Personal Information is now more feasible to access or destruct for the attacker because of weak IT security like virus or attack to the system or network. To protect the privacy, individual should secure their information. However, the only way to determine flaws and recognize threats, weather it is technical or non-technical or any other, is to find vulnerability and perform risk assessments. In this paper, we will discuss the information security risk in the life and solutions to mitigate†¦show more content†¦For the information security, it is essential to find risks related to the use, processing, storage, and transmission of information or data and the processes and systems used for that. Unauthorized access, usage, recording, modification, distraction, etc. are the risk to the information security. There are many different ways through which personal information can be lost or accessed, misused, modified, or disclosed. Common risks to the information security are described below: †¢ Unauthorized access or misuse of records by a friend or colleague or any other familiar person. †¢ Hacking or other illegal acquisition of system or device database or information by outsider. †¢ By mistake disclosure or sending of information to wrong person or organization. †¢ Failure to store or organize information properly and securely. †¢ Loss or theft of portable storage devices, paper documents, computer or any other equipment containing personal information. In order to develop a proper security which can protects critical data, systems, and other resources, individual must first understand what it is facing in terms of potential sources of harm that may exploit existing vulnerabilities. Threat assessment identifies potential sources of attack to information assets and estimating the probability and consequences associated with their action. Understanding of the source of attacks, along with their likelihood of

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Transcontinental Railroad Act Signed By Pres - 891 Words

In 1860s a great iron band was built between Omaha and San Francisco. That iron band was the Transcontinental Railroad. An engineering feat many thought was impossible. Surprisingly, during the carnage of the Civil War it served as a leap of faith for America that the country will survive. It was fraught with challenges from the start ranging from political to financial. Yet it s completion started a new pivotal era for America. The Transcontinental Railroad connected the citizens of America, linking the East and West Coast in ways not seen at that time. Amid the carnage the Civil War, the United States took a leap of faith concerning its future. That leap was the â€Å"Pacific Railroad Act signed by Pres. Lincoln on July 2,†¦show more content†¦Financial and political challenges for the railroad began before track was even laid. Although California dignitaries heralded the railroad would bring â€Å"great wealth and prosperity† to the state. Some were still reluctant to invest in the Central Pacific’s side of the project. The reluctance of the CPRR funders may have been a combination of Judah s rocky relationship with the Big Four and the craziness of the idea itself. How were they to get over the Sierra Nevada? Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins were California’s wealthy railroad tycoons, commonly known as the â€Å"Big Four.† The Big Four, or The Associates,†[2] as they preferred to be called mistreated Judah and froze him out of his own company. After his tussle with The Associates, Judah took ill and left California. He never saw one track of the railroad laid, because he died shortly after in New York. The Union Pacific side was not without its share of troubles. Mainly attributed to the fact that the Pacific Railroad Act didn t specify a starting point for the eastern terminus of the railroad. Thomas Durant, vice-president of Union Pacific, saw this obscurity as a way to cheat the system. In the confusion Durant capitalized and made thousands of dirty dollars† meddling with stocks and moving the starting point from the original location. The problems before theShow MoreRelatedSocial Studies Grade 8 : Immigration Research Project1677 Words   |  7 Pagesthrough the country, and the government could not do anything about it. Italians came to America as transatlantic transportation became more affordable and word of American prosperity came via American recruiters and returning immigrants. Unlike their Pre-Civil War Count erparts, they had a major cultural impact on U.S society. In fact, some words used in the English language were actually borrowed from the Italian one. They also shared their techniques in religion, tradition, entertainment, foods, architectureRead MoreHomestead Act2916 Words   |  12 Pages The Homestead Act of 1862 made surveyed lands obtainable to homesteaders. The act stated that men and women over the age of 21, unmarried women who were head of households and married men under the age of 21, who did not own over 160 acres of land anywhere, were citizens or intended on becoming citizens of the United States, were eligible to homestead. This paper will show how the Homestead Act came to be enacted, who the homesteaders were and the effects of the Homestead Act on the pioneersRead MoreCultivation Of Tobacco And Its Effects On The United States2689 Words   |  11 Pageslevels, and their relationship was strongly based on various Acts placed upon the Colonies. After acquiring seeds from Trinidadian colonies, John Rolfe’s plantation of the tobacco plant caused the first real economic presence by selling them to European countries. The Tobacco plant was the first true cash-crop of America, imports from their mother country England were reaching to about half a million pounds per year. The Navigation Acts of 1651 prohibited any foreign ships, with an emphasis on theRead More Homestead Act Essays2875 Words   |  12 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; The Homestead Act of 1862 made surveyed lands obtainable to homesteaders. The act stated that men and women over the age of 21, unmarried women who were head of households and married men under the age of 21, who did not own over 160 acres of land anywhere, were citizens or intended on becoming citizens of the United States, were eligible to homestead. This paper will show how the Homestead Act came to be enacted, who the homesteaders were and the effects of the Homestead Act on the pioneers.Read MoreThe Success Of A Project Management2078 Words   |  9 Pagesshortage of bright, talented people willing to work in construction. The construction industry in North America has relied upon immigrant or foreign labor to varying degrees through the course of history. Thousands of Chinese laborers built the transcontinental railroads in the 19th century. European immigrants constructed the urban landscape in the 19th and 20th centuries. Today, the labor void is being filled largely by Hisp anics. Hispanic labor from Mexico and other Latin American countries is fillingRead MorePre-Columbian Period9302 Words   |  38 Pages[edit] Pre-Columbian period Main article: Pre-Columbian The earliest known inhabitants of what is now the United States are thought to have arrived in Alaska by crossing the Bering land bridge, at least 14,000 30,000 years ago.[10] Some of these groups migrated south and east, and over time spread throughout the Americas. These were the ancestors to modern Native Americans in the United States and Alaskan Native peoples, as well as all indigenous peoples of the Americas. Many indigenous peoplesRead MoreBoyer Dbq Teacher Guide10764 Words   |  44 Pagespermanent colonies for their own religious freedom than they were with converting or trading with the native peoples. D—Nicholas Perrot—Description of the opening of a new area for the fur trade reflects the way that the French made economic use of pre-existing North American ways of life. E—Berkely Discourse—Shows the raising of tobacco for export and the precarious financial basis of this economy. Students may point out that this type of economy required slave labor and that the development of otherRead MoreUs Customs and Border Protection7176 Words   |  29 Pageslargest number of working dogs of any U.S. federal law enforcement agency. K-9 teams are assigned to 73 commercial ports and 74 Border Patrol stations throughout the nation.[4][5] There are 327 officially designated ports of entry and an additional 14 pre-clearance locations[6] in Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean. CBP is also in charge of the Container Security Initiative, which identifies and inspects foreign cargo in its mother country before it is to be imported into the United States. Major officesRead MoreKey Functions of Airlines18082 Words   |  73 Pagesrecognized and production increased significantly to meet the rising demand for planes from governments. Most significant was the development of more powerful motors, enabling aircraft to reach speeds of up to 130 mph, more than twice the speed of pre-war aircraft. Increased power also made bigger aircraft possible. On the other hand, the war was bad for commercial aviation in several ways. It focused all design and production efforts on building military aircraft. In the publics mind, flying becameRead MoreHistory of Social Work18530 Words   |  75 Pageschildren, the handicapped and very old people – are often given minimal care and are worked long hours as virtual slaves. Humanitarian groups in Quebec establish centers for the relief of the poor; Nova Scotians adopt English Poor Laws. The Gilbert Act is passed in England, enabling humanitarians, appalled by the exploitation of workhouse residence, to institute reforms in many English jurisdictions. Many workhouses are closed, assistance to the poor in their own home is established, and children

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Middle Childhood And Domestic Violence - 1999 Words

Middle Childhood and Domestic Violence In many states, all over the world, some children reside in homes where domestic violence takes place. Domestic violence can be defined as a man or woman, family member, or spouse(s), physically threatening to harm each other within their home. Though domestic violence is considered a criminal law, it is sometimes not reported, and the physical attacks and harassments could be a continuous act upon these individuals (Newman, 1975). Most times, domestic violence could possibly lead to child abuse. Even though the person may be committing these attacks against their significant other, it could sometimes lead to the child being harmed as a way of punishing their significant other. Then there are times†¦show more content†¦Emotionally, a child may constantly cry and fear the person who is committing these acts of violence. Some children may have a difficult time learning inside and outside of a classroom setting because of not getting enough rest at home, not being in a stable home, and worriedness. Most children have difficulties being socially active with others. They may not know how to talk or socialize with other children due to the fact that they might fear that they will say something wrong or do something wrong and be punished for it. Mentally, they may suffer from depression and/or anxiety, and maybe even exhibit the behavior that they have been observing (McGee, 2005). According to (Volpe, 1996), children between the ages of six and older, are the ones to most likely portray signs of depression, illnesses, and poor concentration to remain focused. Studies also show that children of the ages six and older that have watched and observed the acts of physical violence in their home growing up, will possibly one day become the perpetrator when they get older. For example, if a child can comprehend very well and actually knows what is going on in that setting, watches their father or mother physically abuse each other, they are going to imitate those same actions to their significant other. When a child ranges from the age of six and up, they basically know what is right and what is wrong, but because they cannot do

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Adv Disadvantages of Leadership Development Methods free essay sample

Professional qualifications that require refreshing will be supported if they are an essential criteria for the post| * Trust induction * Trust Essential Update training * Manual Handling * Professional re-registration training * PRINCE2, MSP, LEAN| * Provides an understanding of how the Trust works * Provides health and safety training * Sends out a clear message that professional registration is recognised, important and is supported| * Trust induction training tends to be very generic and does not necessarily relate to the job role * Training for re-registration is not always timely * Is dependent on funding * Cost implications of ensuring that the training budget can cover training| Elective Learning| Courses that are not part of the essential criteria for the post will be deemed to be elective and will be subject to the trust policy on supported learning| * Courses identified as part of the personal development plan * Influencing skills * Negotiating skills * MS Project/Other IT Skills * Meets specific needs for the individual * Can be delivered by others in the team or by a generic course * Ensures that leaders are given requisite skills| * Some generic courses do not cover specific requirements * Is dependent on funding being available| Work Assignments| Work assignments will be seen as an opportunity to help leaders develop specific competencies or practice key behaviours. * Specific goals will be set as part of personal development plans * Feedback on progress will be done either via formal appraisal or by 1:1 feedback with line managers| * Reiterates the message that lessons can always be learned * Gives leaders the growth opportunities to put theories and models into practice * Learning by doing| * Unless well managed there is a tendency to concentrate on ‘getting the job done’ * Opportunities are not always recognised or used to the full advantage| Special Assignments/Initiatives| Involvement in short-term assignments or initiatives either generated from within the team or as part of a project team| * Attendance at programme or project board meetings * Involvement in assignments/initiatives

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Frequently Asked Questions for a Marketing Interview Essay Example

Frequently Asked Questions for a Marketing Interview Essay Frequently Asked Questions for a Marketing Interview 1. What is market research according to you? 2. What is the difference between sales and marketing? 3. Explain the term customer loyalty. 4. What is the difference between Customer Satisfaction and Delight 5. What is Target Market? 6. Give an example of a product which exhibits habitual buying . 7. What are the various methods of Sampling? 8. Give an example of a lifestyle store. 9. What is meant by footfalls? 10. What is Primary Data? 11. Annual Report of a company is primary or secondary data? 12. What is meant by Cross Selling? 13. How will you show a physical evidence for an airline? 14. What is Brand Equity? 15. What is the difference between Market Potential and Sales Potential? 16. What is the difference between sales and marketing. 17. What is market Skimming . In what scenario will you implement it? 18. If you were a marketing manager of a five star hotel, how would you ensure the customer loyalty? 19. What is likert scale? 20. What is blue ocean strategy? 21. What are the applications of BCG Matrix? 22. What is sales territory? 23. Differentiate between needs and wants. 24. What is B2B marketing? 25. What are lifestyle brands? 26. What are cult brands? 27. What is Umbrella Branding? 28. What are quotas? 29. What do you understand from Service Guarantee? 30. What are intermediaries? FAQs FOR MOCK INTERVIEWS – FINANCE / BANKING / ECONOMICS 1. What is break-even point? 2. Distinguish between NPV and IRR. 3. What is a Derivative? 4. Explain Fundamental analysis. 5. What are Basel norms? 6. What is a Non Performing Asset (NPA)? 7. Describe Working capital gap. 8. What is EMI? 9. What is hedging? 10. Describe various types of risks in financial system. 11. What is a monetary policy? 12. What is exchange rate? 13. Mention various instruments of the money market. 4. Name the regulatory bodies for: banks, capital markets, and insurance sectors. 15. What is debt restructuring? 16. Distinguish between fund-based and non fund-based facilities. We will write a custom essay sample on Frequently Asked Questions for a Marketing Interview specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Frequently Asked Questions for a Marketing Interview specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Frequently Asked Questions for a Marketing Interview specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer 17. What are documentary Letters of Credit? 18. What is arbitrage? 19. What is cash management? 20. What is ‘Bancassurance’? Frequently Asked Questions for Mock Interview – Economics/Finance 1. What are Bonds? 2. Define money market 3. What is securitization? 4. What is credit creation? 5. Do you feel banking sector is able to weather recession? 6. India has a heavy percentage of public sector, is it helpful for sustaining high growth rate? . How monetary policy affects the growth of the economy? 8. Explain inter-linkages between monetary and fiscal policy. 9. What is financial crowding out? 10. Are stock prices an indicator of economic health? 11. Are we heading for stagflation? 12. So far as economic down turn is considered, which banking sector is better able to sustain, public sector banks or private sector banks? 13. Are we looking at reality sector recession? 14. Should we appreciate the rupee? 15. Is the dollar over priced? 16. What is capital market? 17. S hould India opt for dis-investment in public sector? 18. What is sub-prime crisis? 19. Could India be facing sub-prime crisis? 20. Are inflation and deficit related HR Domain Questions 1) What is the differences between HR , HRM HRD ? A. human resources, that element within a company which deals with the human aspects/needs of workers. Many companies have an HR department, which may provide a broad range of services to its employees. Some who work in HR are considered part of the department, but many people outside of such a department may have something to do with not just the financial aspects of work, but also â€Å"the human element† of employing workers. Human Resource Management is the organizational function that deals ith issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training. Human Resource Development (HRD) is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities. Human Resource Development includes such opportunities as employee training, employee career development, performance management and development, coaching, mentoring, succession planning, key employee identification, tuition assistance, and organization development. ) What are Functional , Product based and Matrix Organizational Structures ? 3) What do you understand by Induction Program what are the important parameters to be considered before designing an Induction program ? A. An induction program is the process used within many businesses to welcome new employees to the company and prepare them for their new role. Induction training should include development of theoretical and practical skills, but also meet interaction needs that exist among the new employees. Benefits of an induction program An induction program is an important process for bringing staff into an organisation. It provides an introduction to the working environment and the set-up of the employee within the organisation. The process will cover the employer and employee rights and the terms and conditions of employment. As a priority the induction program must cover any legal and compliance requirements for working at the company and pay attention to the health and safety of the new employee. An induction program is part of an organisations knowledge management process and is intended to enable the new starter to become a useful, integrated member of the team, rather than being thrown in at the deep end without understanding how to do their job, or how their role fits in with the rest of the company. Good induction programs can increase productivity and reduce short-term turnover of staff. These programs can also play a critical role under the socialization to the organization in terms of performance, attitudes and organizational commitment A typical induction program A typical induction program will include at least some of the following: †¢ any legal requirements (for example in the UK, some Health and Safety training is obligatory) †¢ any regulatory requirements (for example in the UK banking sector certain forms need to be completed) †¢ introduction to terms and conditions (for example, holiday entitlement, how to make expense claims, etc) †¢ a basic introduction to the company, and how the particular department fits in †¢ a guided tour of the building completion of government requirements (for example in UK submission of a P45 or P60) †¢ set-up of payroll details †¢ introductions to key members of staff †¢ specific job-role training 4) What are the various levels of HR planning done in organizations ? A. Human resource planning is a systematic analysis of HR needs to ensure the availability of the correct number of employees with the necessary skills at the right time. The in creased competitive nature of business that makes workforce flexibility an imperative need has raised the importance of human resource planning. Demand Forecasting The steps to HR Planning start with forecasting the number and type of employees needed in the future. This requires a good understanding of the internal and external environment of the enterprise. The major aspects of the internal environment that affect HR Planning include short-term and long-term organizational plans and strategies, and the status of the organizations human resources. The major aspects of an enterprise’s xternal environment that impacts HR planning include the general status of the economy, developments in technology, level of competition, labor market trends and regulations, demographic trends and the like. For instance, an organization planning to launch a new product would require additional marketing staff, and an organization looking to open a new branch would require more office staff. An organization looking to close down unprofitable branches might look to retrench workers. Similarly, technological developments might prompt the organization to shift to reliance on fewer numbers of technically skilled workers rather than depend on a large pool of manual labor. Correct forecasting of human resource requirements contributes significantly to the competitiveness of the enterprise. Organizations forecasting more workers than required retain surplus or under-utilized staff, and organizations that fail to grasp the full extent of human resources required find themselves overstretched and unable to seize opportunities. The two major methods of forecasting are judgmental methods such as Delphi technique or managerial estimates, and various mathematical models such as time series, personnel and productivity ratios, regression analysis, and the like. Inventory Analysis and Supply Forecasting The second step in HR planning is inventory analysis or keeping track of the current employees in the organization to determine the extent to which this meets the forecast. The HR inventory analysis entails Skill inventory, or keeping track of the number of employees, and the age, locations, qualifications, and skills of each employee to determine the specific role each employee would fill in the short term and long term †¢ Forecasting resignations and recruitment and understanding their impact on the skill inventory levels †¢ Forecasting leaves, transfers, dismissals, sabbaticals, prolonged illness, and deaths of employees and their impact on inventory levels The ways to forecast the internal supply of human resources include methods such as Markov analysis, transitional matrices, replacement schedules, succession planning, and the like. Audit The third step in HR planning is audit, which includes reconciling inventory with forecast through a systematic analysis of demand and supply forecasting, and identifying areas where shortages and surpluses exist. The audit phase also involves, among other tasks: †¢ Identifying reasons for resignations, the cost of such resignations such as recruitment and training costs of new hires, cost of lost experience, skills and knowledge of the departing employee, and the like, and devise retention plans to retain key talent, if required †¢ Review the effectiveness of the recruitment activities, training and development initiatives, career planning exercises, succession planning, and other interventions Reconciliation The next step in HR Planning is developing action plans to bridge the gap between forecast and supply. The various alternatives include: †¢ Strategy to recruit new employees Retrenchment of downsizing strategy to shed excess workforce †¢ Training and Development plans to right-size the workforce †¢ Career Planning and Succession Planning to identify key personnel †¢ Changes in work regulations such as timings, overtime policy and the like The basic considera tions when undertaking the planning process is compliance and impact of labor legislation. Laws that govern overtime and retrenchment for instance can have a significant impact on the strategy adopted. The other consideration is the availability of resources such as financial, physical, and technical for implementation of the plans. Once approved, such plans become part of the company’s strategic objectives. Strategic HR Planning entails aligning such HR Plans with the overall strategic goals of the organization. Control The last step in HR Planning is monitoring and controlling implementation of the HR plan. This entails ensuring implementation proceeds in accordance with the plan and taking timely course corrections. The external and internal environment of an enterprise always remains in a state of flux, and a good HR Plan incorporates mechanisms to make timely revisions in accordance with such changes 5) What is the difference between Job Description Job specification ? A job description is a list of the general tasks, or functions, and responsibilities of a position. Typically, it also includes to whom the position reports, specifications such as the qualifications needed by the person in the job, salary range for the position, etc. A job description is usually developed by conducting a job analysis, which includes examining the tasks and sequences of tasks necessary to perform the job. The analysis looks at the areas of knowledge and skills needed by the job. Note that a role is the set of responsibilities or expected results associated with a job. A job usually includes several roles. The job description might be broadened to form a person specification. An alternate terminology used under the UN system is Terms of reference (TOR). 6) What do you understand by Job Design? What are the modern methods of Job Design [pic]A. Work arrangement (or rearrangement) aimed at reducing or overcoming job dissatisfaction and employee alienation arising from repetitive and mechanistic tasks. Through job design, organizations try to raise productivity levels by offering non-monetary rewards such as greater satisfaction from a sense of personal achievement in meeting the increased challenge and responsibility of ones work. Job enlargement, job enrichment, job rotation, and job simplification are the various techniques used in a job design exercise. In job enrichment, the attempt is to build in to jobs a higher sense of challenge and achievement. The accumulation of achievement must lead to a felling of personal growth accompanied by a sense of responsibility. Job enlargement means increasing the scope of a job through extending the range of its job duties and responsibilities 7) What is Human Resource Outsourcing? What are the various functions which can be outsourced ? 8) Why is reliability and validity a important part of selection tests and interviews ? 9) What are the various sources of recruitment ? SOURCES OF RECRUITMENT [pic] 10) What is the career management cycle? Which stage is the most important according to you ? Career Management Cycle The Career Management Cycle is a life-long process to assist you in making personally authentic career decisions and pursuing your goals. The Career Center can assist you with the following steps: †¢ [pic]Step 1: Know Yourself Can you clearly articulate who you are, identifying your interests, values, and skills? Its imperative that before you pursue a job search, you have a good grasp of yourself. Consider the following: o †¢ [pic]Step 2: Explore Your Options Once you feel confident about who you are, the next logical question is: Whats out there? Consider the following: †¢ [pic]Step 3: Plan your strategy and take action Now that youve narrowed your options, it’s time to set goals and conduct a job search or apply to graduate school. [pic]Step 4: Manage Your Career Once you begin working, be sure to continue networking and developing your skills. Consider the following: 11) What is the difference between Rate range and pay grades ? 12) What percentage of a salary is deducted as a part of the employee provident fund ? 3) When is an employee eligible to receive his/her Gratuity? How is it calculated ? 14) What do you understand by 360 degrees performance appraisal? Where can it be used ? In human resources or industrial/organizational psychology, 360-degree feedback, also kno wn as multi-rater feedback, multisource feedback, or multisource assessment, is feedback that comes from all around an employee. 360 refers to the 360 degrees in a circle, with an individual figuratively in the center of the circle. Feedback is provided by subordinates, peers, and supervisors. It also includes a self-assessment and, in some cases, feedback from external sources such as customers and suppliers or other interested stakeholders. It may be contrasted with upward feedback, where managers are given feedback by their direct reports, or a traditional performance appraisal, where the employees are most often reviewed only by their managers. The results from 360-degree feedback are often used by the person receiving the feedback to plan training and development. Results are also used by some organizations in making administrative decisions, such as pay or promotion. 15) How do you evaluate the effectiveness of training programs? What is Kirk Patrick’s model to evaluate the same ? Evaluation is often looked at from four different levels (the Kirkpatrick levels) listed below. Note that the farther down the list, the more valid the evaluation. . Reaction What does the learner feel about the training? 2. Learning What facts, knowledge, etc. , did the learner gain? 3. Behaviors What skills did the learner develop, that is, what new information is the learner using on the job? 4. Results or effectiveness What results occurred, that is, did the learner apply the new skills to the necessary tasks in the organization and, if so, what results were achieved? 16) What is the difference between Management Development Program Worker Training program ? Give examples of the same 17) What do you understand by Core competency and role based competency ? 18) Who are Kaplan and Norton ? What is the Balance score card ? 19) What were the Hawthorne experiments? Is there any relevance of it in the modern context 20) What are the various leadership styles? Are transactional leaders more effective or Transformational leaders more effective in the work place ? Leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people. Kurt Lewin (1939) led a group of researchers to identify different styles of leadership. This early study has been very influential and established three major leadership styles. The three major styles of leadership are o Authoritarian or autocratic o Participative or democratic Delegative or Free Reign 21) What are the various stages of Group formation? Which stage is the most important 22) What are the various stages of Grievance handling in a Manufacturing plant ? grievance is a sign of employee’s discontent with job and its nature. The employee has got certain aspirations and expectations which he thinks must be fulfilled by the organisation where he is working. When the organisation fails to satisfy the employee needs, he develops a feeling of discontent or dissatisfaction. Thus, grievance is caused due to the difference between the employee expectation and management practices Steps in the Grievance Procedure 15 Identify grievances: Employee dissatisfaction or grievance should be identified by the management if they are not expressed. If they are ventilated, management has to promptly acknowledge them. ?Define correctly: The management has to define the problem properly and accurately after it is identified/acknowledged. ?Collect Data: Complete information should be collected from all the parties relating to the grievance. Information should be classified as facts, data, opinions, etc. ?Prompt redressal: The grievance should redressed by implementing the solution. ?Implement and follow up: The Implementation of the solution must be followed up at every stage in order to ensure effective and speedy implementation. : 3) What is the Trade Union act, Industrial Dispute act the factories act ? Is it still relevant in today’s context for all industries ? 24) What is the Geocentric and the polycentric approach in International HRM ? 25) What is the importance of cross cultural communication in today’s global Business environment ? Cross-cultural communication (also frequently referred to as intercultural communication, which is also used in a different sense, though) is a field of study that looks at how people from differing cultural backgrounds communicate, in similar and different ways among themselves, and how they endeavour to communicate across cultures. 6) How does an organization go about building the next generation of leaders ? 27) What do you understand by Knowledge Management? Can HR processes be benchmarked ? Importaance of training Training your employees do have a significant role in modern business era. Not just to equip them with latest tools your company has implemented, there is a lot more to it. I have sorted down them in a list. This is a must read if you employ or mean to employ in future atleast one person. Training your emplyess is important because 1. Rapid technological innovations impacting the workplace have made it necessary for people to consistently update their knowledge and ski lls 2. People have to work in multidimensional areas , which usually demand far more from their area of specialisation. 3. Change in the style of management. 4. Due to non-practical collage education. 5. Lack of proper and scientific selection procedure. 6. For career advancement. 7. For higher motivation and productivity. 8. To make the job challenging and interesting 9. For self and development 10. For employee motivation and retention 11. To improve organisational climate 12. Prevention of obsolescence 13. To help an organisation to fulfil its future manpower needs. 14. To keep in pace with times 15. To bridge gap between skills requirement and skills availability 16. For survival and growth of organisation and nation

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Common Editing and Proofreading Marks in Composition

Common Editing and Proofreading Marks in Composition When your instructor returns a composition, are you sometimes puzzled by the abbreviations and symbols that appear in the margins? If so, this guide should help you decipher those marks during the editing and proofreading stages of the writing process. Common Proofreading Marks Explained The following proofreading marks have a brief explanation of the definition your instructor is likely trying to convey for your revisions. ab: Abbreviation  (Use a standard abbreviation or write out the word in full.) ad: Adjective or adverb  (Use the correct form of the modifier.) agr: Agreement  (Use the correct ending to make the verb agree with its subject.) awk: Awkward expression or construction. cap: Capital letter  (Replace a lowercase letter with a capital letter.) case: Case  (Use the appropriate case of the pronoun: subjective, objective, or possessive.) clichà ©: Clichà ©Ã‚  (Replace the worn-out expression with a fresh figure of speech.) coh: Coherence  and cohesion (Make clear connections as you move from one point to the next.) coord: Coordination  (Use coordinating conjunctions to relate equal ideas.) cs: Comma splice  (Replace the comma with a period or a conjunction.) d: Diction  (Replace the word with one thats more precise or appropriate.) dm: Dangling modifier  (Add a word so that the modifier refers to something in the sentence.)   emph: Emphasis  (Restructure the sentence to emphasize a key word or phrase.) frag: Sentence fragment  (Add a subject or verb to make this word group complete.) fs: Fused sentence  (Separate the word group into two sentences.) gloss: Glossary of usage  (Check the glossary to see how to use this word correctly.) hyph: Hyphen  (Insert a hyphen between these two words or word parts.) inc: Incomplete construction. irreg: Irregular verb  (Check our index of verbs to find the correct form of this irregular verb.) ital: Italics  (Put the marked word or phrase in italics.) jarg: Jargon  (Replace the expression with one your readers will understand.) lc: Lowercase letter (Replace a capital letter with a lowercase letter.) mm: Misplaced modifier  (Move the modifier so that it clearly refers to an appropriate word.) mood: Mood  (Use the correct mood of the verb.) nonst: Nonstandard usage  (Use standard words and word forms in formal writing.) org: Organization  (Organize information clearly and logically.) p: Punctuation  (Use an appropriate mark of punctuation.) apostrophe : colon , comma -   dash . period ? question mark quotation marks  ¶: Paragraph break  (Begin a new paragraph at this point.) //: Parallelism  (Express paired words, phrases, or clauses in grammatically parallel form.) pro: Pronoun  (Use a pronoun that refers clearly to a noun.) run-on: Run-on (fused) sentence  (Separate the word group into two sentences.) slang: Slang  (Replace the marked word or phrase with a more formal or conventional expression.) sp: Spelling  (Correct a misspelled word or spell out an abbreviation.) subord: Subordination  (Use a subordinating conjunction to connect a supporting word group to the main idea.) tense: Tense  (Use the correct tense of the verb.) trans: Transition  (Add an appropriate transitional expression to guide readers from one point to the next.) unity: Unity  (Dont stray too far from your main idea.) v/^: Missing letter(s) or word(s). #: Insert a space. wordy: Wordy writing (Cut out unnecessary words.) ww: Wrong word (Use a dictionary to find a more appropriate word.)

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Training for Statesmanship Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Training for Statesmanship - Essay Example However, the base-superstructure parameter of the Marxian precept is not what exactly Kennan talks about. In his opinion, the American people are in general conscious of the need to accept a multicultural environment, without a state centre having to exert power on them to think on terms of the greater common good. This innate accommodative sense of the American public that leads to progress is the most interesting point Kennan makes in this passage. The generalization that the American sentiments regarding national progress and general peace can be related to the concept of the American Dream where all those who came to the land and considered themselves as Americans were willing to work towards the common goal of building a paradise on the face of the earth. However, this common mission that Kennan tries to talk about had already been challenged during the World Wars and the Cold War years, due to the uncontrollable dimensions of ethnic diversity that made the America that we talk about now. Years of legal and illegal migration from many parts of the world to the American mainland has made many cultural collisions inevitable. The various ethnic and religious communities that settled in America for various reasons made it impossible to have a shared viewpoint on progress and peace. The fact that America gained immense amount of power in the international scenario through economic development has in fact led to a situation where the opinion of Kennan would seem like a joke. America is now seen by many other nations as exerting power even outside its administrative boundaries to gain and sustain more power. Its interference in the Palestinian issue and the the antagonistic relations with Iran and other Muslim nations have in fact made America notorious for using its military force for its selfish gains. Similarly, the American internal affairs are also much beyond the comprehensive and cooperative attitudes that Kennan talks